Transmission
       

 

Transmission according to Race and Gender (2004):

Total # of living with HIV/AIDS in Brooklyn:

62% Black

25% Hispanic

11% White

2% Other

Black population: 41 % women & 59% men

Hispanic Population: 35% women & 65% men

White Population: 21% women 79% men

Cases caused by:

IDU = 35%

MSM = 27%

Heterosexual = 34%

Perinatal = 4%

 

 

    
Zipcode Cumulative HIV Diagnoses in Bklyn (2001-2004)
11201 105
11203 222
11204 16
11205 120
11206 234
11207 320
11208 208
11209 35
11210 107
11211 112
11212 376
11213 236
11214 40
11215 66
11216 309
11217 95
11218 60
11219 33
11220 70
11221 305
11222 41
11223 48
11224 88
11225 179
11226 356
11228 6
11229 49
11230 56
11231 39
11232 319
11234 78
11235 38
11236 178
11237 95
11238 195
11239 33

                               

 
 

Sixty-two percent of the people living with HIV as of 2004 were black, whereas 25% were Hispanic and 11% were white (12). There were more men living with HIV/AIDS as of 2004 than women in every case. The statistics were as follows: 41% of the black population was women, whereas 59% were men, 35% of the Hispanic population was women, whereas 65% were men and 21% of the white population was women whereas 79% was men (12).

Intravenus drug use (IDU) is the most common mode of transmission; it is also more common among men than women. As of 2004, 35% of the total number of HIV positive people contracted the disease through injection drug use (12). However, the rate of transmission through heterosexual contact is increasing because some men are either using needles or having sexual relations with other men and then having sex with women (3). Out of the total number of people living with HIV in Brooklyn as of 2004, heterosexual transmission is responsible for approximately 34% of the cases (12).  

As the overall rate of infection in the New York City area has been decreasing, there has been a steadily growing rate of infection among women in Brooklyn, particularly black women. Women are now more likely than men to be diagnosed with HIV because of heterosexual transmission, and between the years of 1991 and 1999 the rate of new infections among women in Brooklyn increased from 27.4 % to 35.4% (3). As of 2004, 41% of the HIV positive black people who were living were women. (12)As of 2006, one third of the women newly diagnosed with HIV in New York City live in Brooklyn. This is partially a result of the fact that many people are ignorant of the causes of HIV. When one woman was asked about her knowledge of the disease by a reporter for the Daily News, she replied I dont have sex, I have anal sex (6). This just shows how unaware people are of the risks that they expose themselves to. Women are more likely to contract the disease through heterosexual transmission because there is a greater chance of skin bruising during sexual contact; many women contract the disease during sexual intercourse with injection drug users or bisexual men because bodily fluids are exchanged (3).

The rate of infection among women is not the only rate to have increased in Brooklyn since the 1980s; there are more children living with HIV/AIDS in Brooklyn than in any other borough. This is because ninety-five percent of infants with AIDS in the borough contracted it before or during birth, because mothers were infected by HIV positive men during conception. Approximately 4% of the people living with HIV/AIDS in Brooklyn as of 2004 were infants who contracted the virus to perinatal contact (12). An effort has been made to reduce the risk of infant infection by using antiretroviral drug therapy for pregnant women infected with HIV/AIDS. Since the treatment has begun, the number of infected infants has decreased (3).

 

 

 

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